Lawn Types

In the interest of offering the best service possible we have gathered information on the types of grass we provide, we will make suggestions but of course the choice is yours. The Available types of grass are:

Bermuda Grass

The common Bermuda Grass is drought resistant, grows on many soils, and makes a good turf if fertilized and mowed right . Common Bermuda grass produces many unsightly seed heads, but in spite of this fault, it frequently is used on home lawns due to the ease and economy of establishment. Common Bermuda may be planted from either seed or sprigs and with intensive management will provide a high quality turf.

Bermuda grass is also a major turf species for sports fields, parks, golf courses, and general utility turfs.

Bermuda grass prefers full sun, drought resistant, can withstand heavy traffic. Can easily be planted from grass seed. One of the South’s favorites grass types. Grows in tropical, subtropical and transition zone areas. Turns brown with the first drop in temperature. In warmer tropical areas, Bermuda retains a beautiful green color year round. This is a very aggressive grass and flower beds or other areas will be quickly overrun if not kept in check. Once established it is very difficult to remove due to its extensive root system.

  • Texture: common Bermuda has a medium texture.
  • Cold Tolerance: good (some more than others)
  • Shade Tolerance:: poor
  • Traffic: good
  • Watering: tolerates drought, but needs water weekly to remain green
  • Aeration: may be aerated any time during the growing season as long as the lawn is not experiencing a drought. Aeration is not recommended after the lawn has gone dormant.

Caring For Bermuda Grass

After danger of hard freezes has passed, set your mower to lower than normal to remove as much dead top-growth as possible. Don’t mow below 1/2″ or you could damage the plant. Bag the clippings for this first mowing. Lawn will turn green when soil temperature warms to 60-65. Once the lawn has greened, mow at your normal height (2″).

Never reduce the height of your lawn by more than one-third when mowing. Removing more than this can cause scalping and may take a long time to recover, during which, the grass is more susceptible to stress and further damage.


St. Augustine

St. Augustine grass (also known as Charleston grass in South Carolina) is often
the most popular choice for lawns throughout southern United States. Especially in coastal regions where cold temperature extremes are moderated by oceanic climatic conditions. St. Augustine grass is native to the Caribbean, Africa and Mediterranean regions, and best adapted to subtropical climates.

Good for coastal regions, thrives in heat, does poorly in cool climates but does excellent to fair under drought conditions. Moderately good under heavy foot traffic. Somewhat shade tolerant. Can be used in moist, semi-fertile soils. At the moment, most common installation method is sodding or plugs; seeds are very difficult to obtain.

HIGHLIGHTS: Compared to finer textured grasses like the bermudas, St. Augustine has large flat stems and broad coarse leaves. It has an attractive blue-green color and forms a deep, fairly dense turf. It spreads by long above-ground runners or stolons.stolon

While it is aggressive, it is easily controlled around borders. It produces only a few viable seeds. St. Augustine grass is a big thatch producer, more so than other types of grass. It also requires plenty of moisture and is best suited to humid regions. Has good shade tolerance. Susceptible to fungal diseases. St. Augustine Grass Decline is a virus common to Texas and Louisiana and there is no known control.


  • Texture: coarse
  • Cold Tolerance: Poor (damage possible below 20)
  • Shade Tolerance: tolerates moderate levels of shade, but will become thin under dense shade conditions.
  • Traffic Tolerance: Moderately good
  • Rate of Establishment: Medium/Fast
  • Planting: sod or plugs
  • Watering: needs weekly watering for optimal appearance, but will survive drought conditions
  • Mowing Height: 3.5″ – 4″ for normal St. Augustine
  • Thatch: heavy producer of thatch made from stolons


WARNING: an ingredient in many weed/feed products that were designed for cool-season grasses can kill St. Augustine. If you intend to use a weed/feed product, make sure it is labeled for St. Augustine grass use.

Caring for St. Augustine Grass

It’s best to wait at least one month before fertilizing newly placed St. Augustine grass sod. During that first month, there is little root development or activity. This means that it is not actively absorbing the nutrients and it is more likely that these nutrients will migrate away from the roots and there is greater risk these elements may enter the watershed.

Zoysia Grass


Zoysia grasses are warm season grasses native to China, Japan and other parts of Southeast Asia.  There are several varieties of Zoysia grass and at Joe’s Tree Care we can provide any variety you’d prefer. Some of the variations of Zoysia grass are:

Japanese or Korean Zoysia – It is a coarser texture, but is more cold resistant than Matrella Zoysia. It is a seeded variety of Zoysia. Its light green leaf is hairy and has a relatively faster growth rate than other zoysia grass species, with excellent cold tolerance.

Meyer Zoysia –  Meyer is an improved selection of Japanese Zoysia. It has a dark green color, medium leaf texture, and is the most cold tolerant of the zoysia grasses. It is less shade tolerant than Emerald zoysia. It is the earliest to green up the last to go dormant.

Matrella Zoysia – Also known as “Manilla Zoysia.” Manila grass resembles bermuda grass and is recommended for a high-quality, high-maintenance lawn where a slow rate of establishment is not a disadvantage. it has less cold tolerance than Japanese Zoysia and seems to be highly susceptible to damage caused by nematodes. Matrella has a finer leaf texture and is more shade tolerant than Meyer zoysia but is less shade tolerant than Emerald zoysia.

Emerald Zoysia – Emerald zoysia grass resembles Zoysia matrella in color, density, and texture but grows faster and has a wider adaptation. Characteristics include fine leaf texture, good cold tolerance, good shade tolerance, good wear resistance, and dark green color, but lacks the cold tolerance of Meyer zoysia. Emerald zoysia is highly recommended for high-quality lawns where time and money allow for an adequate maintenance program.

Belair Zoysia  It is noted for its excellent cold tolerance and medium green color. Belaire has an open growth habit, and it has a coarser leaf texture and faster growth rate than Meyer.

Cashmere Zoysia – resembles Emerald Zoysia in color, density, and texture, but does not exhibit the stiff, bristle-like feel common to Emerald. Cold and shade tolerance is not fully known. It is recommended that it be grown in soil containing clay, shell, rock, marl, or sand.

El Toro Zoysia – It looks like, but has a faster growth rate than Meyer Zoysia. Improved color in cooler temperatures, and less thatch accumulation. El Toro also has early spring green up like Meyer zoysia and has been reported to have improved resistance to some diseases.

Zoysia grass is extremely drought tolerant. Although it does turn straw colored under severe drought conditions, it has the capacity to respond to subsequent irrigation or rainfall. Its water requirements are similar to those of Bermuda grass. The leaf blades of Zoysia are among the first to roll under drought conditions, thus it tends to conserve moisture more effectively than other species. Zoysia grass also has a deep root system allowing it to more effectively extract water from greater soil depths. Zoysia grass is nearly as salt tolerant as Bermuda grass. It is widely grown along sandy seashores where drainage is adequate. Does not tolerate poorly drained soils.

  • Shade tolerance: fair/good
  • Cold tolerance: good
  • Traffic: fair/good
  • Rate of establishment: slow
  • Fertilization: regular feeding
  • Watering: weekly regular, but will tolerate some drought conditions
  • Mowing height: 3/4″ – 2″


Caring for Zoysia Grass

First mowing should be done while the Zoysia is still dormant. Mow at about the 1″ height to remove as much dead top growth as possible. This should only be done after danger of a hard freeze has passed. The dormant grass blades acts as insulation. 

It is best to wait at least one month before fertilizing newly placed Zoysia grass sod. During that first month, there is little root development or activity. This means that the turf is not actively absorbing the nutrients and it is more likely that these nutrients will migrate away from the roots and there is greater risk these elements may enter the watershed.




More information available at American Lawns.